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Reading Terms 

Spelling

 

  • This week’s rule: making nouns that end in Y      plural
  • If a noun ends with a consonant and a Y,      change the Y to I and add ES
  • If a noun ends with a vowel and a Y, just add      S

 

blueberries, buddies, countries, toys, donkeys, butterflies, stories, highways, libraries, groceries, candies, puppies, *valley, *delay, supplies

 

*Students will have to make valley and delay plural on the test

 

These words will be assessed by a “typical” oral spelling test. I will say the word, and students will have to spell in correctly. These words are the chosen list to be assessed, but the GOAL is for students to be able to apply these rules to any word ending in Y in their daily writing!

 

Spelling homework will NOT be given each week. We will work with these words during the week, but we’ll spend no more than 5-10 minutes on them each day. Spelling tests are 10% of your student’s ELA grade.


Vocabulary

 

This week (August 24-28) is the first week of our first ELA Unit: Stories Worth Telling Again and Again. We’ll spend the next four weeks reading about a lot of different kinds of stories. Your students will be exposed to numerous academically challenging words. The following list is a small portion of what they’ll hear. These words will be discussed at length within the context of how they are used as well as any other meanings. At the end of the unit, students will be asked to write sentences using 10 of these words. The sentences will be assessed for grammar, mechanics, and correct usage of the word. It is a good idea to discuss these words at home on a frequent basis. Students will NOT be required to memorize the definition of these words; the goal is for them to know them well enough that they may use them in context.

 

barricade, halt, disguise, banister, insist, astonished, bewildered, surrounded, homesick, ashamed, spare, quiver, vanish

 

*Please contact me if you have any questions. J


Helpful Vocabulary for READING:

characters -the people or animals in a story

setting -the place or time the story occurs

plot -the events in the story

problem -what's wrong in the story

solution -how the problem is fixed or resolved in the story

genre -the classifications of stories: 

FICTION: 

  • fantasy
  • fable
  • folk tale
  • legend
  • myth
  • realistic fiction
  • mystery
  • historical fiction
  • fairy tale
  • science fiction

NON-FICTION:

  • journal
  • blog
  • magazine
  • newspaper
  • biography
  • autobiography
  • informational text

summary -a shortened version of a text that includes the most important parts of the story

infer -"read between the lines," drawing a conclusion by "using what you know in your head" and "what you've read" 

REFERENCE MATERIALS: non-fiction texts that help the reader research and confirm information

  • dictionary/glossary
  • encyclopedia
  • index
  • table of contents
  • thesaurus  
  • almanac

TEXT FEATURES: items found in non-fiction passages to help the reader understand the text better

  • photographs
  • graphs
  • charts
  • text boxes
  • captions
  • diagrams

Fact -A statement that can be proved.  A fact can be true OR false!

Opinion -A statement that reflects how someone thinks or feels about something.

Cause -An event that occurs.

Effect -An event that occurs AS A RESULT of another event.

TEXT STRUCTURES:  HOW a piece of text is built, put together, or written.

  • Description/Main Idea
  • Sequential Order
  • Cause and Effect
  • Compare and Contrast
  • Problem and Solution
  • Simple Procedure

Prefix -word part added to the BEGINNING of a word to change the meaning

Common Prefixes:

  • re -again
  • pre -before
  • un -not
  • mis -in a poor manner/not
  • dis -in a poor manner/not
  • il -not: use with words beginning with the letter L
  • ir -not: use with words beginning with the letter R
  • im -not: use with words beginning with the letters B, M, or P
  • in -not: use with words beginning with the letter N

Suffixes -word part added to the END of a word to change the meaning of the word

  • s
  • es
  • ed
  • ing
  • less
  • ful
  • ness
  • ly
  • able
  • y

Synonyms -words that have Similar meanings (kind/friendly)

Antonyms -words that have opposite meanings (hot/cold)

Homophones -words that have the same sound but different spellings and different meanings (blue/blew)

Homonyms -multi-meaning words (bat -baseball bat/flying mammal)

Homograph -words that have the same spelling but different pronounications and different meanings (read a book today/I read a book yesterday)